Cerberus Fossae

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Cerberus Fossae are a group of fissures or cracks in the Elysium quadrangle. They were created by faults which pulling the crust apart. These fossae are 1235 km across with a center at 11.28 °N and 166.37 °E.[1] This region on Mars is a dark area in the Northern hemisphere. Its name comes from Greek mythology where it was known as the “hound of Hades." According to this Greek myth Cerberus was the multi-headed dog who guarded the gates of the Underworld. He stopped the dead from leaving.[2] A popular saying is a "sop to Cerberus" meaning a bribe. This was from the ancient Greek and Roman custom of leaving gifts with corpses so that Cerberus would pass them by. The origin of this praise is the Aeneid. In the story, Sibyl leading Aeneas to the underworld threw a drugged cake to Cerberus. Aeneas was then able to pass by Cerberus.[3]

Cerberus is dark area to left of center

Troughs to the east of Albor Tholus

Troughs of Cerberus Fossae that sit to the east of Albor Tholus HiRISE images only have a color strip in the center. Marquakes detected by InSight are originating in places like this.


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